Narcotics Use Facts
FACT: According to Webster’s dictionary, narcotics are:
1: a drug (as opium or morphine) that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions, b : a drug (as marijuana or LSD) subject to restriction similar to that of addictive narcotics whether physiologically addictive and narcotic or not ;
2: something that soothes, relieves, or lulls.
FACT: Using Webster’s definition, we can argue that drugs that are abused are in effect “narcotic” because they are used for something other than their intended purpose, or at the very least overused to the point where use of the drug creates serious health problems, addiction, or even death.
FACT: Narcotic is derived from the Greek narkotikos, which means "numbing" or "deadening."
FACT: Narcotics are commonly classified into three groups according to their origin:Natural derivatives of opium: Narcotics in this group include morphine itself and codeine. Partially synthetic drugs derived from morphine, including heroin, oxycodone (OxyContin), hydromorphone (Dilaudid), and oxymorphone (Numorphan). Synthetic compounds that resemble morphine in their chemical structure, such as fentanyl (Duragesic), levorphanol (Levo-Dromoran), meperidine (Demerol), methadone, and propoxyphene (Darvon).
FACT: Narcotics taken in many different ways. Abusers will inhale it or inject it to get the maximum “rush,” but it can also be chewed or snorted. Fentanyl is used byt applying a patch directly to the skin.
FACT: A narcotic is an addictive depressant drug (such as opium and derivatives such as morphine) that in moderate doses works on the central nervous system, dulling senses, relieves pain, these are the Narcotics Use Facts that make people abuse them. Narcotics can be used to put someone to sleep. When abused and misused, narcotics can cause causes stupor, convulsions, or coma. These Narcotics Use Facts should not be avoided.
Drugs like LSD or marijuana, subject to similar legal restrictions are also sometimes referred to as narcotics.
FACT: In a stricter sense, Narcotics are opiates manufactured from the Asian opium poppy plant. The opium poppy plant produces two natural alkaloids, codeine and morphine. These are manufactured into drugs for medical purposes and are available only by prescription. Narcotic drugs are heavily restricted by the government.
FACT: Narcotic analgesics (pain reducers) which work by depressing the central nervous system and can also depress the respiratory system; include the opiates and synthetic opiates: codeine, heroin, morphine, opium, percodan, darvon, talwin, dilaudid, methadone and demerol. These are the Narcotics Use Facts to be aware of.
FACT: Narcotics are addictive, either psychologically or physically. Addiction is when a person cannot stop using the drug.
FACT: People will use narcotics for non-medical purposes because the drug, when smoke, inhaled or injected will produce an intense “high” or “rush” and a feeling of euphoria.
FACT: Narcotic use can lead to addiction, MANY health problems and if untreated death.
FACT: Among the health issues for narcotic users include high blood pressure, respiratory distress, cardiac arrest. Narcotics will decrease responsiveness, cause drowsiness, insensitivity to pain by slowing down the central nervous system.
FACT: Narcotic abusers often experience withdrawal after going off th drug. Withdrawal is characterized by sleeplessness, muscle and bone pain, involuntary muscle movement, like a kicking leg,. Another of these Narcotics Use Facts are that narcotic users whose use has turned into addiction, may experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, but medically supervised detoxification can help ease that process.
FACT: In America, over 23,000,000 people ages 12 and older need treatment for narcotic drug use (including alcohol), that’s nearly 10% of the population of the United States!FACT: Of the 23 million plus who need treatment, only about 11% have any clue they need treatment.
FACT: 25% of the prison population is in for drug offenses.
FACT: Of the 4.3 million people in treatment, 800,700 are African American and 859,100 are Hispanic. A higher percentage of African-Americans and Hispanics enter treatment than do whites.